Bellamya - The Fourth Biggest Ship
The mid 70s were the begging of the largest ships ever built. The biggest ship in the world, Seawise Giant, was followed by the Batillus Class Tankers. Those supertankes were transporting huge quantities of oil each year without any pipe fixing.
The second vessel in the Batillus family was Bellamya. Up to day, she holds the 4th position in the ranking of the biggest ship in the world.
|Identification:||Callsign FNWL IMO number: 7360100|
|Owner:||Societe Maritime Shell, France|
|Port of registry:||Fos-sur-Mer|
|Builder:||Chantiers de l'Atlantique, Saint-Nazaire, France|
|Class & type:||Batillus, ULCC|
|Tonnage:||553.662 DWT 274.268 GT ITC 225.473 NE|
|Length:||414.22 m (1,359 ft 0 in)|
|Beam:||63.01 m (206 ft 9 in)|
|Draft:||28.50 m (93 ft 6 in)|
|Installed power:||64.800 Hp|
|Propulsion:||4 × Stal-Laval single reduced steam turbine engines 2 × propellers|
|Speed:||16.7 knots (30 km/h)|
|Yard number:||X 25|
|Out of service:||1984|
|Fate:||Scrapped in Ulsan, South Korea 1986|
Building of Bellamya
The fourth biggest ship in the world was constructed by Chantiers de I’Atlantique at Saint-Nazaire and built for the French branch of Shell Oil in 1976. She was second of the Batillus Class Tankers, right after her sister Batillus.
On April 6th, 1971 the contract for building the Batillus Supertankers was signed.
The result of the Yom Kippur War in 1973 was the significant drop in the supply of oil, called the ''oil shock''. The shipping industry started seriously to doubt about the ULCC project – there was a chance of not using the full capacity of the biggest ships ever built.
That did not stop Shell. The calculation were that they had already put a lot of finances in building the Batillus Class Tankers and cancellation of this investment would be away bigger financial stress for the company and its employees.
The project started in January 1975 with cutting the first sheet metal. Shell hoped for better times in the future.
Bellamya was ready in 1975. Her sizes were overall length 414.22 m, deadweight tonnage 553,662 dwt, gross tonnage 275.268 gt, draft 28.50 m and beam 63.01 m. That made her currently the 4th biggest ship in the world.
The capacity of the engine was 64,800 Hp total power, made by 2 propellers. Each propeller was powered by 2 Stal Laval steam turbines. The fuel was enough for 42 days due to her daily heavy oil consumption of approximately 330 tonnes. The maximum speed of Bellamya was 16.7 knots.
The total volume of Bellamya was 677,300 m3 divided into 40 tanks. Like her sister ship Batillus, the 4th biggest ship in the world, had her tanks specially designed to lower significantly the risk of pollution in cases of eventual grounding or collision. They were separated to lateral and central tanks with special dimensions.
All the Batillus Class Super tankers were build outstripping the time international standards. Their wing tanks maximum unit volume was less than 17,000 m3, at the most vulnerable parts the reduction was to 9,000 m3.
The 4th biggest ship in the world was followed by her two sisters - Pierre Guillaumat, the 2nd biggest ship in the world, built in 1977 and the 5th biggest ship, Priarial, made in 1979.
The Story of the Second Batillus Class Supertanker
Bellamya was put in service a few months after her sister Batillus and after the new oil terminal Antifer, a specially built port near Le Harve. This terminal appeared to be one the minor capable of accommodating the biggest tankers in the world.
The 4th biggest ship in the world was in service for eight years in the period 1976-1984.
Bellamya early demise came mainly due to two reasons. The world oil market was in crisis and the situation did not get better. The second thing that took her out of service was the thing that made her so marvelous – her sizes. As one of the biggest ships in the world, Bellamya was not able to traverse the Panama Canal and Suez Canal. She also had issues with the docks she anchored at.
Like her sister, Batillus, Bellamya was anchored at Vestnes, Norway. The 4th biggest ship in the world stayed there from January 26, 1984 till the end of 1985. Bellamya was sold and sent to Ulsan, South Korea. There, on January 6, 1986, the forth biggest ship in the world was scrapped.